JIT Compiler

Normally, when you upload code to Espruino it is executed straight from source - which means that your source code is on the device itself so you can edit it easily.

In Espruino 2v16 we included a simple JIT compiler that will compile a subset of JS to native ARM code. Unlike the previous options of the Inline Assembler or Online Compiler, the JIT compiler actually creates code inside the microcontroller.

While final code is not as optimised as the Online Compiler, JIT has a few big benefits:

The JIT compiler is BETA and under heavy development. It only intended for small sections of code, and JITed code may cause crashes and instability. See here for information on the current state of development

If you tag a function as JIT and it cannot be compiled, the compiler will display an error but your function will be kept and executed as plain JavaScript.

Note: The JIT compiler is enabled for official boards (except the Espruino Original where there isn't enough Flash memory). It won't work on devices like ESP8266 or ESP32 that don't use ARM architecture.

How do I use it?

Simply get your function working as you want it to, and then add the string "jit"; to the very front of it:

function foo(a,b) {
  return a*53 + b*2;


You can also include loops - for instance here we're rendering the Mandelbrot fractal:

function f() {
  var Xr = 0;
  var Xi = 0;
  var Cr=(4*x/64)-2;
  var Ci=(4*y/64)-2;
  for (var i=0;(i<32) & ((Xr*Xr+Xi*Xi)<4);i++) {
    var t=Xr*Xr - Xi*Xi + Cr;
  return i;

var x,y;
for (y=0;y<64;y++) {
 for (x=0;x<64;x++) line += " *"[f()&1];

or you can use JIT code to speed up your IO:

function f(pin, val) {
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>7)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>6)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>5)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>4)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>3)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>2)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, (val>>1)&1);
  digitalWrite(pin, val&1);

You can also use JIT to speed up processing of arrays. For example if you wanted to implement some form of CRC check (Espruino does have CRC32 built in):

var array = new Uint8Array(...);

// Normal calculation using non-JIT function
array.reduce((a,b) => (a<<1)^(a>>>31)^b);

// Using JIT - 50% faster
function jitReducer(a,b) {"jit";return (a<<1)^(a>>>31)^b;}

Using JIT from your code

Because JIT runs on the processor, you can create functions on demand and then JIT compile them on the fly:

function getFastAdd(arr) {
  return eval(`(function() { "jit" return ${arr.join("+")};})`);

var a=1,b=2;
var fn = getFastAdd([42,a,b]);
fn(); // 45

Performance Notes

See here for information on the current state of development

Can I help?

Absolutely! We're always after contributions. The actual code you need is here:

This page is auto-generated from GitHub. If you see any mistakes or have suggestions, please let us know.