HTU21D Temperature and RH Sensor

The HTU21D is a low-cost, easy to use, highly accurate, digital humidity and temperature sensor. Use the HTU21D (About Modules) module for it.

You can wire this up as follows:

Device Pin Espruino
GND / - GND
VCC / + 3.3
SCL B6
SDA B7

Note:

Use cases

Read the temperature and humidity and wait until the measurement is completed. This blocks the I2C bus and the cpu for at most 50ms:

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );
console.log( "Temperature = " + htu.readTemperature() + " °C" );
console.log( "Humidity    = " + htu.readHumidity() + " %" );

If you want to work asynchronously then you have to use the getTemperature() and getHumidity().

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );

var temperature;
var humidity;

function startMeasuring() {
  htu.getTemperature( function(temp) {
    htu.getHumidity( function(hum) {
      temperature = temp;
      humidity = hum;
      startMeasuring(); // start the next measuring cycle
    });
  } );
}
startMeasuring();

// It's forbidden to call a HTU21D method while measuring asynchronously!
// e.g. htu.readTemperature() would here throw an exception.

// After 50 ms the temperature and humidity are always up-to-date.
setInterval( function() {
  console.log( "T = " + temperature.toFixed(2) + " °C, " +
               "RH = " + humidity.toFixed(2) + " %" );
}, 100 );

Note

It's important to make sure that the sensor will not be used during an asynchronous measuring. This is an incorrect usage:

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9, bitrate: 50000 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );

htu.getTemperature( function (temp) { console.log(temp); } );

// This will throw an error "Sensor is measuring" !
htu.getHumidity( function( humidity ) {
} );

The humidity is slightly temperature dependent but you can compensate this dependency if you have the current temperature:

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );
var temp = htu.readTemperature();
var humidity = htu.readHumidity(); 
humdity = htu.getCompensatedHumidity( humidity, temp ); // improve accuracy
console.log("Temperature = " + temp.toFixed(2) + " °C" );
console.log("Humidity    = " + humidity.toFixed(2) + " %" );
console.log("Dew point   = " + htu.getDewPoint(temp,humidity).toFixed(2) + " °C");

Sometime it is not required to work with the highest resolution. With a lower resolution the measuring time is decreasing and so the power consumption:

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );

// 12 instead of 14 bits but only 13 ms instead of 50 ms
htu.setResolution( htu.RH_8_BITS_TEMP_12_BITS );

// This call takes only 13 ms instead of 50 ms.
var temperature = htu.readTemperature();
console.log( "T = " + temperature );

Possible resolutions are:

RH Measuring Time Temperature Measuring Time
RH_12_BITS_TEMP_14_BITS 12 bits max. 16 ms 14 bits 50 ms
RH_8_BITS_TEMP_12_BITS 8 bits max. 3 ms 12 bits 13 ms
RH_10_BITS_TEMP_13_BITS 10 bits max. 5 ms 13 bits 25 ms
RH_11_BITS_TEMP_11_BITS 11 bits max. 8 ms 11 bits 7 ms

Every HTU21D sensor has a unique chip identification number. Maybe you wants to tag your delivered devices?

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );
console.log( "0x" + htu.getSerialNumber().toString(16) ); // → e.g. 0x2ee38a18

The internal heater can be used for checking the operation and for preventing condensation:

I2C1.setup( {scl: B8, sda: B9 } );
var htu = require('HTU21D').connect( I2C1 );

console.log( "Heater = " + htu.isHeaterOn() ); // → false
htu.setHeaterOn( true );
console.log( "Heater = " + htu.isHeaterOn() ); // → true
htu.setHeaterOn( false );
console.log( "Heater = " + htu.isHeaterOn() ); // → false

You can reboot the sensor to initial state (maximal resolution, heater off) with a soft reset:

htu.setHeaterOn( true );
htu.setResolution( htu.RH_8_BITS_TEMP_12_BITS );

htu.softReset();

console.log( "Heater = " + htu.isHeaterOn() ); // → false
console.log( "max. resolution = " + (htu.getResolution() === htu.RH_8_BITS_TEMP_12_BITS ) );  // → false
console.log( "max. resolution = " + (htu.getResolution() === htu.RH_12_BITS_TEMP_14_BITS ) ); // → true

The sensor operates from 1.5V to 3.6V. Its possible to detect a voltage supply less than 2.25V:

console.log( "End of battery = " + htu.isEndOfBattery() ); // → false

Buying

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